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2020.1 INTEL PLATFORM UPDATE (IPU)




Intel 2020.1 IPU covering Intel® CSME, SPS, TXE, AMT & DAL updates, Intel® Firmware (BIOS) updates, Intel® Processor Microcode (MCU) updates and Intel® SSD updates

Fujitsu Communication

Original release:   June 9, 2019
Last update:June 19, 2020
Fujitsu PSIRT ID:PMD-IS-2019-121916


Advisory Description

INTEL-SA-00295: 2020.1 IPU – Intel® CSME, SPS, TXE, AMT & DAL Advisory
Multiple potential security vulnerabilities in Intel® Converged Security and Management Engine (Intel® CSME), Server Platform Services (Intel® SPS), Trusted Execution Engine (Intel® TXE), Intel® Active Management Technology (Intel® AMT) and Intel® Dynamic Application Loader (Intel® DAL) may allow a denial of service, information disclosure or an escalation of privilege. The detailed description of the vulnerabilities with at least a high or critical CVSS base score is as follows:
  • CVE-2020-0532: Improper input validation in subsystem for Intel® AMT versions before 11.8.77, 11.12.77, 11.22.77, 12.0.64 may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable denial of service or information disclosure via adjacent access.
  • CVE-2020-0533: Reversible one-way hash in Intel® CSME versions before 11.8.76, 11.12.77, 11.22.77 may allow a privileged user to potentially enable escalation of privilege, denial of service or information disclosure via local access.
  • CVE-2020-0534: Improper input validation in DAL subsystem for Intel® CSME versions before 12.0.64, 13.0.32, 14.0.33 and 14.5.12 may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable denial of service via network access.
  • CVE-2020-0538: validation in subsystem for Intel® AMT versions before 11.8.77, 11.12.77, 11.22.77, 12.0.64 may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable denial of service via network access.
  • CVE-2020-0542: Improper buffer restrictions in subsystem for Intel® CSME versions before 12.0.64, 13.0.32, 14.0.33 and 14.5.12 may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable escalation of privilege, information disclosure or denial of service via local access.
  • CVE-2020-0566: Improper Access Control in subsystem for Intel® TXE versions before 3.175 and 4.0.25 may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable escalation of privilege via physical access.
  • CVE-2020-0586: Improper initialization in subsystem for Intel® SPS versions before SPS_E3_04.01.04.109.0, SPS_E3_04.08.04.070.0 may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable escalation of privilege and denial of service via local access.
  • CVE-2020-0594: Out-of-bounds read in IPv6 subsystem in Intel® AMT, Intel® ISM versions before 11.8.77, 11.12.77, 11.22.77, 12.0.64 may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable escalation of privilege via network access.
  • CVE-2020-0595: Use after free in IPv6 subsystem in Intel® AMT, Intel® ISM versions before 11.8.77, 11.12.77, 11.22.77, 12.0.64 may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable escalation of privilege via network access.
  • CVE-2020-0596: Improper input validation in DHCPv6 subsystem in Intel® AMT, Intel® ISM versions before 11.8.77, 11.12.77, 11.22.77, 12.0.64 may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via network access.

The audience may please refer to further publications by manufacturer Intel® on the 2020.1 IPU – Intel® CSME, SPS, TXE, AMT & DAL Advisory (INTEL-SA-00295), such as the corresponding section addressing Intel® AMT, Intel® ISM, VU#257161 and Ripple20, for additional technical details about INTEL-SA-00295.

Potential Impact:
According to the information provided the potential impact of INTEL-SA-00295 is:

Denial of Service, Information Disclosure, Privilege Escalation


INTEL-SA-00322: 2020.1 IPU – Intel® Firmware (BIOS) Advisory
Multiple potential security vulnerabilities in BIOS firmware for Intel® Processors may allow a denial of service and/or an escalation of privilege. The detailed description of the vulnerabilities with at least a medium, high or critical CVSS base score is as follows:
  • CVE-2020-0528: Improper buffer restrictions in BIOS firmware for 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th Generation Intel® Core™ Processor families may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable escalation of privilege and/or denial of service via local access.
  • CVE-2020-0529: Improper initialization in BIOS firmware for 8th, 9th, 10th Generation Intel® Core™ Processor families may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable escalation of privilege via local access.
Potential Impact:
According to the information provided the potential impact of INTEL-SA-00322 is:

Denial of Service, Privilege Escalation


INTEL-SA-00320: 2020.1 IPU – Intel® Special Register Buffer Data Sampling (SRBDS) Advisory
A potential security vulnerability in some Intel® Processors may allow information disclosure. The detailed description of the vulnerabilities with at least a medium, high or critical CVSS base score is as follows:
  • CVE-2020-0543: Incomplete cleanup from specific special register read operations in some Intel® Processors may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access.

The audience may please refer to further publications by manufacturer Intel® on the 2020.1 IPU – Intel® Special Register Buffer Data Sampling (SRBDS) Advisory, such as the corresponding article Deep Dive: Special Register Buffa Data Sampling, for additional technical details about SRBDS.

Potential Impact:
According to the information provided the potential impact of INTEL-SA-00320 is:

Information Disclosure


INTEL-SA-00329: 2020.1 IPU – Intel® Processors Data Leakage (PDL) Advisory
Multiple potential security vulnerabilities in some Intel® Processors may allow information disclosure. The detailed description of the vulnerabilities with at least a medium, high or critical CVSS base score is as follows:
  • CVE-2020-0549: Cleanup errors in some data cache evictions for some Intel® Processors may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access.

The audience may please refer to further publications by manufacturer Intel® on the 2020.1 IPU – Intel® Processors Data Leakage (PDL) Advisory, for additional technical details about PDL.

Potential Impact:
According to the information provided the potential impact of INTEL-SA-00329 is:

Information Disclosure


2020.1 IPU – Intel® Processor Microcode (MCU) Updates
Additionally, multiple functional updates took place in Intel® Processor Microcode (MCU), affecting server EX/EP products (incl. D, W, X) and referring to:
  • CLX Patch Load Issue: CLX PRQ. Late patch load overrides perf. MSR (CLX)
  • MD_Clear Operations Errata for CLX: 2019.2 TAA fix allows some data leakage (CLX)
  • Temperature Based Voltage Compensation: Voltage guardband (CLX)
  • OC Mailbox preset: Removes requirement for BIOS loading of the 2019.2 OC Mailbox fix (SKX)
  • ADC/ADDDC: Bug in ADC/ADDDC. M to M timing (SKX/CLX)
  • MCA Recovery: Enable MCA recovery feature on std. RAS SKUs (SKX/CLX) (reboot required)

Higher rates of memory errors have been observed on Intel's Skylake (SKX SP) and Cascade Lake (CLX SP) based server platforms (code named Purley). Mitigations and workarounds are focused in the following area:
  • ECC Coverage: As a result of reallocating metadata bits to other features in SKX & CLX, Intel® modified the ECC algorithms to maximize full device coverage with available bits
  • Rank Switching Speed Path: In 2017, Intel® provided a mitigation for a rank switching speed path marginality via a patch. Subsequent observations by Intel® suggested the patch did not fully address the issue. IPU 2020.1 BIOS option Receive Enable Average is turned off by default (recommended).
  • RAS: Additionally, Intel has discovered three issues (Mesh 2 Mem Timeout, Incomplete Sparing (UEFI) and Rank Sparing Hang (UEFI)) in its Virtual Lockstep RAS (Reliability, Availability, Scalability) features used to enhance memory error correction (ADC & ADDDC). The RAS feature updates include: MCA Recovery, Advanced Memory Test and Post Package Repair.

There were no additional CVEs assigned to these FUNCTIONAL updates.

INTEL-SA-00266: 2020.1 IPU – Intel® SSD Advisory
A potential security vulnerability in Intel® SSD (Solid State Drive) products may allow information disclosure. The detailed description of the vulnerabilities with at least a high or critical CVSS base score is as follows:
  • CVE-2020-0527: Insufficient control flow management in firmware in some Intel® Data Center SSDs may allow a privileged user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access.
Potential Impact:
According to the information provided the potential impact of INTEL-SA-00266 is:

Information Disclosure


CVE Reference (INTEL-SA-00295, INTEL-SA-00322, INTEL-SA-00320, INTEL-SA-00329, INTEL-SA-00266)
INTEL-SA-00295: 2020.1 IPU – Intel® CSME, SPS, TXE, AMT & DAL Advisory
The description of the vulnerabilities with at least a high or critical CVSS base score is as follows:
CVE NumberCVSS Base Score
CVE-2020-05327.1 (High)
CVE-2020-05337.5 (High)
CVE-2020-05347.5 (High)
CVE-2020-05387.5 (High)
CVE-2020-05427.8 (High)
CVE-2020-05667.3 (High)
CVE-2020-05868.4 (High)
CVE-2020-05949.8 (Critical)
CVE-2020-05959.8 (Critical)
CVE-2020-05967.5 (High)

INTEL-SA-00322: 2020.1 IPU – Intel® Firmware (BIOS) Advisory
The description of the vulnerabilities with at least a medium, high or critical CVSS base score is as follows:
CVE NumberCVSS Base Score
CVE-2020-05287.5 (High)
CVE-2020-05295.7 (Medium)

INTEL-SA-00320: 2020.1 IPU – Intel® Special Register Buffer Data Sampling (SRBDS) Advisory
The description of the vulnerabilities with at least a medium, high or critical CVSS base score is as follows:
CVE NumberCVSS Base Score
CVE-2020-05436.5 (Medium)

INTEL-SA-00329: 2020.1 IPU – Intel® Processors Data Leakage (PDL) Advisory
The description of the vulnerabilities with at least a medium, high or critical CVSS base score is as follows:
CVE NumberCVSS Base Score
CVE-2020-05496.5 (Medium)

INTEL-SA-00266: 2020.1 IPU – Intel® SSD Advisory
The description of the vulnerabilities with at least a high or critical CVSS base score is as follows:
CVE NumberCVSS Base Score
CVE-2020-05277.9 (High)

Links for Technical Details
Technical details of the potential security vulnerabilities and functional issues are documented online:

Affection and Remediation

Affected Fujitsu Products
A number of Fujitsu products are affected by these vulnerabilities. Fujitsu is working to distribute patches for all affected products that are currently supported. Older systems that are no longer supported will not be patched.

An overview of the affected Client Computing Devices (e.g. CELSIUS, ESPRIMO, FUTRO, LIFEBOOK, STYLISTIC) and Server products (PRIMERGY and PRIMEQUEST) can be found here:

List of affected Fujitsu products (APL)

This page will be updated regularly as soon as new information is available. Besides a list of affected systems, also more detailed advice will follow.

NOTE: Intel® Security Advisories INTEL-SA-00330, INTEL-SA-00334 and INTEL-SA-00366 are not part of this 2020.1 Intel Platform Update (IPU).

Recommended Steps for Remediation
Remediation via BIOS Update
Step 1: Determine whether you have an affected system.
Refer to the list of affected Fujitsu products (APL). This list is updated regularly.

Before proceeding, please check the expected availability of the relevant BIOS update package.

Step 2: Download and install the BIOS update package.
To download and install the BIOS update package, please go to the Fujitsu Technical Support page and follow these steps:
  • Select "Select a new Product" (button)
  • Select "Browse for Product"
  • Select "product line"
  • Select "product group" and "product family".
  • Download and install the latest BIOS update package
Remediation via Management Engine (ME) Update
Updating the ME firmware is an alternative to updating the BIOS and used when a BIOS update is not planned. However, it may only be available for some specific Client Computing Devices.

Step 1: Determine whether you have an affected system.
Refer to the list of affected Fujitsu products (APL). This list is updated regularly.

Before proceeding, please check the expected availability of the relevant ME update package.

Step 2: Download the ME update package.
To download the ME update package, please go to the Fujitsu Technical Support page and follow these steps:
  • Select "Select a new Product" (button)
  • Select "Browse for Product"
  • Select "product line"
  • Select "product group" and "product family".
  • Download and install the latest BIOS update package
Step 3: Preparation.
After downloading the .zip file, containing the ME Firmware Update Pack, extract all files/directories/subdirectories in the Firmware.ME directory (\Firmware.ME) of the .zip file to the desired directory on the hard drive.

Step 4: ME Update Procedure.
The "Firmware.ME" directory contains the ME update files which can be used in Windows environment. Run "update.bat" in Windows cmd environment with administrative privileges to start the ME flash procedure. Please choose 32-bit or 64-bit directory if using a Windows 32-bit or a Windows 64-bit installation.

Hints:
  • To run the ME Update procedure using a Windows installation, it is necessary to have the Windows "HECI" driver installed. Please use the Intel® Active Management Technology (Intel® AMT) Driver Package for Windows.
  • To run the ME update procedure, using a Windows PE installation, it is necessary to have the Windows "HECI" driver installed. This can be done at runtime by excuting "drvload.exe \HECI.INF". The "HECI" driver can be extracted from the Intel® Active Management Technology (Intel® AMT) Driver Package for Windows.
Links for Software Security Updates
Vendor Fujitsu
support.ts.fujitsu.com

Vendor Intel
security-center.intel.com/


Further Information

Contact Details
Should you require any further security-related assistance, please contact: G02D-PSIRT@fujitsu.com.
Legal Statement
Fujitsu does not manufacture the affected microprocessors, that Fujitsu buys from third party suppliers and integrates into its products. Therefore, this communication is based on the information and recommendations Fujitsu has received from the third party suppliers of the affected microprocessors.

Fujitsu does not warrant that this communication is applicable or complete for all customers and all situations. Fujitsu recommends that customers determine the applicability of this communication to their individual situation and take appropriate measures. Fujitsu is not liable for any damages or other negative effects, resulting from customers’ use of this communication. All details of this communication are provided "as is" without any warranty or guarantee. Fujitsu reserves the right to change or update this communication at any time.

Websites of other companies referred to in this communication are the sole responsibility of such other companies. Fujitsu does not assume any liability with respect to any information and materials provided by its suppliers, including on such websites.

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